Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain during menstruation. Many women experience discomfort during menses, but the term dysmenorrhea is reserved for those who encounter pain during menses that prevents their normal activity, necessitating the need for pain medication.
Dysmenorrhea can be primary or secondary
Primary dysmenorrhea is common menstrual cramps that are not due to any other disease condition. The pain typically lasts for about 72 hours, usually more painful in the younger age group and becomes less painful as the woman ages.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain during menses due to a disease condition such as pelvic infections, adenomyosis, endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
SYMPTOMS: Typically pain in the abdomen, feeling of pressure, pain in the hips, lower back and thighs, sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting, fatigue, headache and even diarrhoea.
TREATMENT/ MANAGEMENT: Pain medications can help relieve menstrual cramps. Avoid foods that contain caffeine, Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption, Exercise regularly, Consult your doctor when pain becomes unbearable as there may be a secondary cause.